Third in a series of three posts looking forward to the 2013 Agency Web Review by reviewing highlights from a prior edition of the study.
As in 2004, the upcoming edition of the Agency Web Review will not only consider the rational elements of a missions website (clarity, functionality, information) but also the emotional side—its “personality”—and how that aligns with visitors’ responses and potentially influences follow-up activity.
From a list of 40 or so descriptive terms, respondents select the ones that they felt best describe each website. Once data collection is complete, GMI analysts use factor analysis to boil those characteristics down to a smaller set of themes, or personality factors. Then, they use regression analysis to measure how those themes correlate with the follow-through outcomes that agencies are looking for: revisiting the site, recommending it to peers and pursuing service opportunities.
In 2004 four out of the 10 personality factors correlated strongly with desired actions. Web designers for the participating agencies learned about these factors and were able to draw on them in adapting their sites to encourage future missionaries to take the next step. Those four factors are shown in this chart:
The degree of correlation varied depending on the follow-through action being studied. For Intent to Recommend, the strongest link was to the “Creative” aspect of a site (a factor comprised of “Creative,” “Fresh,” “Visual” and “Non-Traditional”). For overall website appeal, the same four factors emerged, but with “Energetic” (an absence of characteristics such as “Calm,” “Simple” and “Casual”) at the top of the list.
How did designers use this information? Here are two ways:
- Striking the right balance between identifying with who your audience is and who it aspires to be. The presence of Energetic and Creative suggests that an agency should demonstrate that it understands the next generation of workers and is relevant to them. This is the classic affinity principle—demonstrating that an agency is “for people like me.” Prospects are drawn to organizations that have and welcome high-energy people with a creative spirit.At the same time, the presence of Wise (“Humble,” “Experienced”) and Capable (including “Secure” and “Aware”) suggests traits that future missionaries do not yet have—especially in terms of cross-cultural effectiveness. Prospects desire to develop these qualities and hope that an agency will be able to draw them out. Prospects look for signals that an agency knows what it is doing and can help new people get where they need to be.
It is easy to miss the mark a bit one way or the other. Too much creativity can be misinterpreted as an emphasis on style over substance. Too much emphasis on experience and resources can be misread as close-mindedness or lack of need. In short, prospects don’t want agencies that aspire to be “like them”—rather, they do want to be understood while being given something to aspire to become.
- Designers also need to understand what is not helpful. In this case, six other website personality factors were not significantly linked to any of the key follow-through behaviors: intention to revisit, refer or respondto opportunities. Websites that were viewed as “Courageous,” “Concerned,” “Sharp” (incorporating “Confident” and “Smart”), “Thoughtful” or “Fun” likely did not generate the best possible response from visitors.(Note that positioning does not refer to the inauthentic donning of characteristics that are not part of an agency’s identity, but rather to expressing aspects of one’s true identity that are likely to resonate with candidates.)
Web designers usually know how to help make a website more usable or functional. Some also have intuitive skills that enable agencies to strike the right notes in messaging and imagery. But for those who don’t—and even for those who do—message modeling can provide a well-defined target to shoot for and criteria to assess whether the messages are hitting their mark. Such models are a standard feature of the Agency Web Review report.
Eight years after the first review, who knows how the personality characteristics may have changed? New factors are likely to emerge in association with key outcomes. To find out, be sure to register for the 2013 Agency Web Review.