MisLinks >> Topics >> Contextualization


African Theology and Social Change (dissertation) Ian Ritchie's doctoral dissertation on the relationship between changing social conditions in Africa and the development of contextual theologies there. The dissertation includes a comprehensive bibliography of works in both English and French on African Theology (Part 1 Part 2).

Canadian Mennonite Encyclopedia article on contextualization

Contextualization Bibliography Part of the Contextualization course taught at Wheaton College, this is an extensive bibliography of over 2100 sources with annotations and organized by topics, regions, etc.

Contextualization: Building Bridges to the Muslim Community by Jim Leffel. This paper seeks to unite sending church, mission organization and field team on the nature and extent of contextualization among Muslims. We believe that the strongly held consensus of these three parties is essential to long-term effectiveness. We consider models of contextualization as it relates to Islam, critical problems with these models, and strategic application of the model we advocate.

The Missionary Principles of Paul and How They Should Apply Today (In a day when many mission organizations are reassessing their strategies for world evangelisation it is perhaps appropriate to examine more closely the methods of the man who is credited with bringing Christianity to Europe. . . )

Paul and the Contextualization of the Gospel (article by Michael Depew)

"Christian Revolution in Latin America: The Changing Face of Liberation Theology." by Ron Rhodes.

The Dramatic Arts in Missions article in Mission Frontiers by Rick Wood and Dave Geisler (Cover Story for March-April 1997): What do St. Patrick, "Take My Life" (a hymn written by Francis Ridley Havergal), John Wesley, and a troupe of the voluntarily mute have in common?!? They are all being used in uncommon ways to build God's Kingdom, AND they are all featured in this unique article. See how some artists are using very creative talents to communicate the everlasting message and mobilize vision.

"Taiwan's Ancestor Cult: A Contextualized Gospel Approach." (Check link)


"Contextualization in Three Dimensions" by Charles Kraft.

"The Impact of Medellin and Puebla on Asian Theology."

"Contextualizing the Gospel in Africa." By Allan Turner

Contextualizing the Parables of Jesus: Article which discusses the need and gives detailed method.

Caucus on Biblically Informed Missions: Thought-provoking paper which opposes contextualization

The Dangki in Contemporary Taiwan: A 1995 AAR Collaborative Grant assisted Professor Ron Guey Chu of Academia Sinica in Taipei, Taiwan, and me [John A. Grim] in our continuing inquiry into the ritual practices and religious context of the Taiwanese dangki (divining youth). These are local healing and divining personalities, either male or female, who still function in urban and rural settings throughout Taiwan. Although dangki can be found throughout the island, we focused on Tainan county in southern Taiwan.

GEM paper on contextualization in the 17th century

International Journal of Frontier Mission (several issues have articles related to contextualization)

Contextualized Ministry

DramaShare (site for sharing dramas among Christians; Looking for royalty-free scripts, or looking for assistance in writing scripts, makeup, lighting and sound, mime, puppetry, clowning, choral reading, interpretive movement, we believe you will find help and worldwide support here. If you are interested in initiating, or improving, an amateur-based, Christ-centered dramatic arts ministry, we have the proven materials, manuals and support to assist you.

An Introduction to Establishing Healthy First Nations Churches within the Christian and Missionary Alliance: (in Canada): "Most Christians do not have a sensitivity to native culture, nor do they understand how native church ministry must be inherently and structurally different. The purpose of this document is to provide an introduction to a new conceptual paradigm of preferred characteristics that could assist church leaders in establishing healthy First Nations churches within The Christian and Missionary Alliance. This paper is written by a "white man" primarily for non-native people, so white pastors and church leaders can understand what needs to be done for the establishing of healthy First Nations churches."

Redemptive Analogies links (explains core idea and provides links to multiple sites which make use of redemptive analogies)

ROPES site: "Praise God that we are the generation through whom He has chosen to fulfil the Rites Of Passage Experiences, (ROPES) vision. This fairly new ministry, under the supervision of Nairobi Chapel involves four other evangelical Churches in Nairobi. The vision is to identify and construct transitions in the lives of members of the Body of Christ. Examples of these transitions would be from childhood to teenage, or becoming first time parents for a young couple. These transitions were catered for in traditional communities via initiation rites of passage, so that the members of a community were always aware of their niche; their roles, responsibilities and privileges. In recent times, however, modernity has changed the structure of communities so that one does not necessarily live within a tribal unit as before. Many of these rites of passage have lost their place, leaving instruction through the transitions of life to chance."

ROX Media (Receptor Oriented Communication): Comics for use in Christian Ministry, including stats and facts of comic use around the world.

The Storytelling Ring ("The Storytelling Ring is a ring of sites throughout the WWW featuring Storytelling resources, organizations, events, and the tellers themselves. All dedicated, at least in part, to the vocal art of telling stories." You will want to visit their List Sites to see what other Web-pages are available.)

Virginia postmodern church plant

Web Evangelism site (explains principles and ideas of how to use the WWW for evangelism)

Willow Creek Community Church--a searchable database on messages, dramas, etc. from Willow Creek (allows downloading of the dramas, etc.)

Worship and Arts Network: Goals of the site: *To provide information on Worship in global missions. *To encourage and enable musicians and artists to use their talents on the mission field. *To provide access to information regarding use of music and the arts in evangelical missionary work. *To connect missionaries and senders with resources, information and personnel talented in music and the arts.

Myth Sites

Myth MattersWhy C. S. Lewis's books remain models for Christian apologists in the 21st century. Lewis bequeathed us a method and a language for sharing the gospel with the modern and postmodern world. Long but insightful.

Africa Myth Connections (Yale-New Haven Teaching Institute)

African Proverbs and Stories

American Folklore Society Homepage: Includes a folklore search engine.

Bulfinch's Mythology Text on-line.

Chinese Legends and Tales   (another collection of 25 Chinese myths)

Chinese Myths and Fantasies (China Vista collection of Chinese myths; the related link at the bottom of the page gives themes, an historical overview, etc.)

Collaborative Myths and Legends Project ("Students in each of our ESL or developmental writing classes retold myths, tales, fables, or legends as they remembered them from their own culture. This page is a compilation of that project after the students collaborated to decide how the entire collection fit together. The Kapiolani Community College students used a paint program to create the pictures which accompany their myths.")

Culture and Tradition: Canadian Graduate Student Journal of Folklore and Ethnology

Directories and References for mythology and folkore hosted by the University System of Georgia.

De Proverbio: Founded in January 1995 as the world's first refereed electronic journal of international proverb studies, De Proverbio (Latin: About the Proverb) soon became a book publisher also, devoted to paremiology (study of proverbs) and paremiography (collection of proverbs). It publishes: scholarly articles, studies and reviews old and new mono- and multilingual proverb collections extensive international bibliographies literary works which make notable use of proverbs

Eldrbarry's Storytelling Pages (A Christian storyteller who weaves biblical messages into "secular" stories)

Electronic Folklore Journals (The Penn State library provides this source which gives you links to academic journals of folklore)

Encyclopedia Mythica: (a searchable online encyclopedia of myth, folklore, and legend)

Folk and Fairy Tales (a large collection of links maintained by a professor of Germanic languages at Pitt)

Folk Stories and Myths: Simple Search's directory to folktales from around the world.

Folklore, Myth, and Legend: Comprehensive access to different stories, as well as sites with historical information about folklore.

French Fairy Tales Resource Page Links to multiple sites with reviews of the sites

Indian Folklore as compiled by Dr. Mahendra Kumar Mishra

Librarians' Index to the Internet Mythology Links (more than a dozen important mythology links, including an encyclopedia, several directories, and specific resources.)

Looksmart Directory of Folklore & Mythology (14 sub-categories each with multiple links or further sub-categories).

Mining Co. Gateway to Chinese Proverbs: Provides links to numerous sites that list Chinese proverbs with explanations.

Mything Links: annotated and illustrated collection of worldwide links to mythologies, fairy tales and folklore, sacred arts and traditions.

Mythology Links (This site provides active links to many mythological Web pages)

Myths of Nine Cultures

Palestinian Folklore Homepage: Palestinian songs, proverbs, stories and information on Palestine and Islam.

Religious Mythology Links (from Rutgers Virtual Religion Pages)

Russian Folk Tales and Folk Belief

Russian Proverbs and Sayings

Storytelling: Why Do It? Is It an Essential Skill for Missionaries? (Tom Steffen article in Mission Frontiers)

Yaqui Indian contextualized celebration of Easter


African Traditional Religions and the Promotion of Community-Living in Africa: This paper discusses the religious dimension of community in the traditional African background. Several myths relate the founding of community as well as shed light on certain symbol objects and forms that feature prominently in the ritual network of the people. I will try to show how such relevant ritual forms and symbols, are employed by Africans to enhance the ideal of community I shall also be interested in finding out how certain punitive sacred sanctions like ostracisation, help to curb deviance, and indirectly advance the cause of harmonious communal life. I propose to conclude the paper by examining the phenomenon and impact of radical social change on the role of traditional African religions in promoting the community ideal in contemporary Africa.

Christian Rituals in India (set the the context of a site that offers a guide to rituals among the various religions found in India)

Romanian Rituals

Religious Sites (see also Religions)

Haitian Art Wing (Art gallery of paintings by Haitian artists showing rich visual images of worldview from the Haitian perspective.)

Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance (This site provides links to alternate forms of spirituality; for research in primary sources, follow the links to Occultism, Satanism, Wicca, etc.)

Directory of Comparative Religion (This site is a directory of Web sites focused on the academic study of religion; it has MANY links and branches, most with with an academic bent)

Religions of the World Site (Another site of links to Web pages of religions).

Watchman Index (Christian site listing major religious groups and terminology with very brief definitions/descriptions).

Religions Art Gallery (religious art, including Christian art from many cultures)

Zoroastrian Doctrines and Rituals (article)

Christian Doctrine Explained for Muslims: Articles and links to the topic.


Anthropology Electronic Journals

Bulletin for Contextual Theology (University of Natal, South Africa)

Crossroads Online Journal

Culture and Tradition: Canadian Graduate Student Journal of Folklore and Ethnology

Paideusis (e-zine)

To All Men All Things (A journal of intercultural communication to Hindu peoples)


Ethnic Music Index (many helpful articles and links)


Ethnomusicology, Folk Music, and World Music: University of Washington

Integrated approach to Missions and Music:

Music in World Cultures: Focus is on teaching people about worshiping God in their own musical language.

Grace's Resource Page: Resources to assist in contextualization of worship:

     Music and Art Links 1 (Islamic)
     Music and Art Links 2 (Islamic)
     Music and Art Links 12 (Many cultures)

Misc. Sites

Bali (link to Bali culture; religious rituals)

Woodstock Theological Center at Georgetown University

Gospel Light International--Sunday School materials for the Russian Orthodox context.

Street Kids Ministry

Bibliography on worldview Basic bibliography on Christian Foundations and Worldview under the general frame of the integration of faith and learning from Union University.

Balaza Man of Faith in Uganda book by Greg Taylor. A fictional account of Balaza, who must choose between two worlds in Uganda. The world of sin or the world of life in Christ. But temptations never stop for the man who chooses to serve Christ. Will Balaza’s faith stand through temptation, scandal and suffering? An excerpt of the book is available and the book can be purchased through Xlibris.


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