China
Peoplesí Republic of China
March 24-April 5
Asia
Factbook

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LIAONING PROVINCE

CHALLENGES FOR PRAYER

1 The Church has grown significantly from a strong Presbyterian pre-revolution base

2 The Manchu conquered and ruled China from 1644 to 1911, but in the process lost their culture

3 The Xibe are an Altaic-Tungus people that have been largely assimilated into Chinese culture, but only a handful are known to be Christian

NINGXIA HUI AUTONOMOUS REGION

CHALLENGES FOR PRAYER

1 The Hui number 10.6m, but are found in every province of China

2 There is a large-scale turning to Christianity in the north along the Yellow River where there are many Han immigrants

QINGHAI PROVINCE

CHALLENGES FOR PRAYER

1 This desolate region is dotted with labour camps

2 In the 1940s there were only a few hundred Christians, mainly in Xining, but in the last 20 years growth has been significant in the few urban areas

3 The unreached:

a) The Tibetans are strong in their Lamaistic Buddhism

b) The Tu and Mongour are Lamaistic Buddhists with no known believers

c) The Muslim Hui in Xining are numerous and there are a handful of Christians,

d) The Muslim Salar and Bonan remain completely unreached

SHAANXI PROVINCE

CHALLENGES FOR PRAYER

1 Shaanxi was the birthplace of Christianity in China

2 The Church has grown dramatically from 30,000 Christians in 1949 to officially 350,000 and unofficially maybe nearly 3m today

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Geography - Liaoning Province

Area 151,000 sq.km. Southernmost of the three provinces of Manchuria, bordering on the Yellow Sea and North Korea.

Population 42,863,000; 284 people/sq.km.

Capital Shenyang (Mukden) 5.68m.

Peoples - Liaoning Province

Han Chinese 90%, speaking Putonghua.

Manchu 5.7%.

Korean 2.4%.

Mongolian 1.2%.

Hui 0.7%.

Religion - Liaoning Province

Muslim 0.7%. Christian 5.1%: House churches 3%, all Catholics 1.1%, TSPM 1%.

Geography - Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

Area 66,400 sq.km. Arid steppe with a fertile strip along the Yellow River in north China.

Population 5,410,000; 81 people/sq.km.

Capital Yinchuan 300,000.

Peoples - Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

Han Chinese 66.5%, speaking Putonghua.

Hui 33.4%.

Manchu 0.1%.

Religion - Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

Muslim 34%. Christian 3.9%: all Catholics 1.9%, house churches 1.8%, TSPM 0.2%.

Geography - Qinghai Province

Area 721,000 sq.km. A huge, high alpine desert province in West China on the Tibetan Plateau.

Population 5,098,000; 7 people/sq.km.

Capital Xining 937,000.

Peoples - Qinghai Province

Han Chinese 59.9%, speaking Putonghua.

Sino-Tibetan 19.4%.

Hui 13.7%.

Mongolian 4.8%.

Turkic-Altaic 2.2%.

Religion - Qinghai Province

Muslim 16%. Christian 2.3%: House churches 1.4%, TSPM 0.6%, all Catholics 0.3%.

Geography - Shaanxi Province

Area 195,800 sq.km. in north-central China.

Population 36,828,000; 188 people/sq.km.

Capital Xian 3,352,000.

Peoples - Shaanxi Province

Han Chinese 99.6%, speaking Putonghua.

Hui 0.4%.

Religion - Shaanxi Province

Muslim 0.4%. Christian 4.5%: House churches 2.7%, TSPM 1.0%, all Catholics 0.8%.

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