|Islamic Republic of Iran|
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Area 1,648,196 sq.km. Situated between the Caspian Sea in north and Arabian Sea/Persian Gulf in south.
Population (2000) 67,702,199 +1.67%AGR
Capital Tehran 11 mill.
Indo-Iranian 71.8%; Turkic 22%; Semitic 3%; Christian minorities 0.2%; Other 3%.
Literacy 72%. Official language Persian (Farsi; Dari and Tajik are major dialects); spoken by 83% of Iranians. All languages 69. Languages with Scriptures 3Bi 2NT 4por 12w.i.p.
Oil provided 75% of export earnings in 1995 and carpets, 11%. HDI 0.715; 95th/174. Public debt 7.6% of GNP. Income/person $1,000 (5.6% of USA, in 1982 it was 18%).
The Shah was deposed in the Shi’ite Muslim Revolution, and a theocratic Islamic Republic declared in 1979.
Shi’a Islam is the state religion and 93% of Iranians follow this.
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