|Islamic Republic of Iran|
3 Discrimination in jobs, housing and education is a daily reality to all Jews and Christians, but so is open and severe persecution for followers of the Baha’i religion, for all who use the Persian language for worship or witness and for all MBBs
Indo-Iranian 71.8%; Turkic 22%; Semitic 3%; Christian minorities 0.2%; Other 3%.
Literacy 72%. Official language Persian (Farsi; Dari and Tajik are major dialects); spoken by 83% of Iranians. All languages 69. Languages with Scriptures 3Bi 2NT 4por 12w.i.p.
Oil provided 75% of export earnings in 1995 and carpets, 11%. HDI 0.715; 95th/174. Public debt 7.6% of GNP. Income/person $1,000 (5.6% of USA, in 1982 it was 18%).
The Shah was deposed in the Shi’ite Muslim Revolution, and a theocratic Islamic Republic declared in 1979.
Shi’a Islam is the state religion and 93% of Iranians follow this.
Area 1,648,196 sq.km. Situated between the Caspian Sea in north and Arabian Sea/Persian Gulf in south.
Population (2000) 67,702,199 +1.67%AGR
Capital Tehran 11 mill.
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