|Republic of Iraq|
|June 30-July 1|
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Area 438,317 sq.km. Fertile plains of the Tigris and Euphrates, high mountains to the north and Syrian desert in southwest.
Population (2000) 23,114,884 +2.84%AGR
Capital Baghdad 4,850,000.
Arabs 70.2%; Kurds 19%; Turkic 6.1%; Christian minorities 2.5%; Other 2.2%.
Literacy 58%. Official languages Arabic; Kurdish in the KAR. All languages 23. Languages with Scriptures 3Bi 2NT 1por 4w.i.p.
Oil-based economy since Genesis 11! Profits used to industrialize and build a powerful army. HDI 0.586; 125th/174. Public debt 174% of GNP. Income/person $540 (2% of USA). It was $6,600 in 1980.
Monarchy overthrown in a violent revolution in 1958.
Pan-Arab socialism rather than Islam is the ideology of the Baathist regime.
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