|Republic of Iraq|
|June 30-July 1|
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Monarchy overthrown in a violent revolution in 1958.
Pan-Arab socialism rather than Islam is the ideology of the Baathist regime.
Area 438,317 sq.km. Fertile plains of the Tigris and Euphrates, high mountains to the north and Syrian desert in southwest.
Population (2000) 23,114,884 +2.84%AGR
Capital Baghdad 4,850,000.
Arabs 70.2%; Kurds 19%; Turkic 6.1%; Christian minorities 2.5%; Other 2.2%.
Literacy 58%. Official languages Arabic; Kurdish in the KAR. All languages 23. Languages with Scriptures 3Bi 2NT 1por 4w.i.p.
Oil-based economy since Genesis 11! Profits used to industrialize and build a powerful army. HDI 0.586; 125th/174. Public debt 174% of GNP. Income/person $540 (2% of USA). It was $6,600 in 1980.
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