Tanzania
Republic of Tanzania
October 28-29
Africa
Factbook

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Answers to Prayer

1 Peaceful change from the well-intentioned but disastrous socialist experiment to a more free, democratic society in 1992-1995

2 The dramatic growth of Evangelicals in both Lutheran, Anglican and many Pentecostal denominations in the 1990s from 2.3 million (9.3%) in 1990 to 5.7 million (17.2%) in 2000

3 The move of the Holy spirit in many denominations resulting in vigorous outreach, bold faith and vision for advance

Challenges for Prayer

1 The delicate inter-communal balance and political stability of the country cannot be taken for granted

2 The growth of the mainline Churches has been good but patchy

a) There are extensive areas where the churches have stagnated and where many potentially open villages are unreached

b) Western cultural forms combined with African worship patterns of singing, choirs and collections leave little time for biblical teaching

c) There is a critical lack of trained, mature leaders

d) AIDS continues its frightening growth and rapidly rising death rate

3 The Pentecostal movement has flourished with many denominations growing

4 Leadership training needs to be given top priority in the churches

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Geography


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Area 945,037 sq.km. Comprising mainland Tanganyika and the offshore islands of Zanzibar and Pemba (2,460 sq.km.).

Population (2000) 33,517,014 +2.29%AGR

Capital Dar-es-Salaam 3,000,000.

Peoples

Bantu peoples 92.4%; Nilotic 2.9%; Cushitic 2%; Khoisan 0.4%; Other 2.3%.

Literacy 68%. Official languages Swahili, English; 2% speak only Swahili and no local African language. All languages 135. Languages with Scriptures 17Bi 17NT 15por 10w.i.p.

Economy

Agricultural subsistence economy yet with much potential for development. HDI 0.421; 156th/174. Public debt 92% of GNP. Income/person $210 (0.7% of USA).

Politics

Tanganyika gained independence from Britain in 1961, Zanzibar in 1963.

Religion

There is religious freedom, and equal rights and opportunities for both Muslims and Christians to worship and propagate their faiths.

Religions Population % Adherents Ann.Gr.
Christian 51.42 17,234,449 +3.9%
Muslim 31.80 10,658,410 +2.4%
Traditional ethnic 15.15 5,077,828 -2.5%
Hindu 0.90 301,653 +4.7%
Baha'i 0.40 134,068 +2.3%
non-Religious/other 0.30 100,551 +2.3%
Sikh 0.03 10,055 +2.3%
Christians Denom. Affil.% ,000 Ann.Gr.
Protestant 46 16.86 5,650 +3.6%
Independent 41 2.23 749 +2.8%
Anglican 1 7.91 2,650 +10.6%
Catholic 1 24.76 8,300 +2.4%
Orthodox 1 0.04 13 +2.1%
Marginal 2 0.07 23 +5.2%
Unaffiliated   3.73 1,249 n.a.
Doubly affiliated   -4.18 -1,400 n.a.

Churches in Tanzania

Missionaries from Tanzania

232 in 21 agencies, mainly within country.

Missionaries to Tanzania

1,272 in 110 agencies


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